Word counts in the Psalms

Discussion in 'Bible Versions/Translations' started by Deacon, Dec 26, 2007.

  1. Deacon

    Deacon
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    I hope everyone had a good and blessed holiday.

    I thougth this was interesting.

    Word counts can be very misleading.
    They are easily missued.
    With this in mind...


    iniquity
    AV1873 62X
    NASB 45X
    ESV 34X
    Holman CSB 3X
    NET 0X

    wrath
    AV1873 29X
    NASB 22X
    ESV 34X
    CSB 3X
    NET 0X

    transgression
    AV1873 16X
    NASB 14X
    ESV 14X
    CSB 6X
    NET 0X

    judgment
    AV1873 29X
    NASB 29X
    ESV 27X
    CSB 16X
    NET 1X

    Rob
     
  2. StefanM

    StefanM
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    The only word counts of much benefit, IMO, are those of the original languages, but even in that circumstance, the authors often use the words in different ways in different contexts.
     
  3. Deacon

    Deacon
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    Here are some more:

    faith
    AV1873 20X
    NASB 32X
    ESV 55X
    Holman’s CSB 131X
    NET 81X

    love
    AV1873 31X
    NASB 45X
    ESV 166X
    CSB 169x
    NET 143X

    Rob
     
  4. robycop3

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    Different translators often use different words to express the same meaning, much as do different authors. Thus, iniquity and transgression are often replaced by sin, wrath with anger, etc.
     
  5. Logos1560

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    I agree with your observation. Such word counts often also do not take into account the fact that the words in the 1611 KJV may have been used with a different meaning than the present meaning of the words.
     
  6. Deacon

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    It's a common misconception that the God of the OT is one of wrath,
    whereas the God of the NT is a God of love?

    Perhaps the reason is a matter of translation.

    Particularly in the Psalms, the AV/KJV uses the word “love” quite sparingly, frequently translating the Hebrew word as “mercy”.
    The translators were quite reluctant to use the word “love”.

    The Hebrew language is rich with words for love.
    How many of us know the three Greek words for love.
    Many I'm sure!
    But how many know the more than 15 Hebrew words translated as love.

    Each of these words have a wide semantic range and can be communicated in numerous ways.

    Here's a few:

    hased (found ~37X in the Psalms)

    Then said the LORD unto me, Go yet, love a woman beloved of her friend, yet an adulteress, according to the love of the LORD toward the children of Israel, who look to other gods, and love flagons of wine.
    Hosea 3:1 AV 1873

    He loves righteousness and justice;
    the earth is full of the steadfast love
    [abib - translated as ‘goodness’ in the KJV] of the LORD.
    Psalm 33:5 ESV


    ahab (~120X in the Psalms)

    And the LORD passed by before him, and proclaimed, The LORD, The LORD God, merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth, keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and that will by no means clear the guilty; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children’s children, unto the third and to the fourth generation.
    Exodus 34:6-7 AV 1873

    Here's the same verse in the ESV:
    The LORD passed before him and proclaimed, “The LORD, the LORD, a God merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love and faithfulness, keeping steadfast love for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, but who will by no means clear the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children and the children’s children, to the third and the fourth generation.”
    Exodus 34:6-7 ESV

    Give thanks to the LORD, for he is good,
    for his steadfast love endures forever.

    Psalm 136:1 ESV

    ahabah [abab] (2x in Psalms [Ps 109:4,5])

    He brought me to the banqueting house,
    and his banner over me was love.

    Song of Solomon 2:4 ESV

    raham

    I will love thee, O LORD, my strength.
    Psalm 18:1 AV1873

    yadid (2X in Psalms [Ps 45:1 [title] / Ps 89:1])

    How lovely is your dwelling place,
    O LORD of hosts!

    Psalm 84:1 ESV

    How amiable are thy tabernacles, O LORD of hosts!
    Psalm 84:1 AV1873

    Rob
     

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