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Today in Military History 1 Oct - 31 Dec

Discussion in 'Vets and Friends' started by Salty, Oct 4, 2021.

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  1. Salty

    Salty 20,000 Posts Club
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    21 Nov

    1942 ALCAN (Alaska-Canada) Highway is officially opened
    1943 Operation Galvanic: Marines in heavy fighting on Tarawa, National Guardsmen advance on Makin, while Marines land on Abemama, 75 mi SE of Tarawa.
    1970 Operation Ivory Coast: A joint Army-Air Force commando raid on the Son Tây prisoner-of-war camp finds all Americans have been moved elsewere
    1985 US Navy intelligence specialist Jonathan Pollard is arrested on charges of spying for Israel; convicted, he is released in 2015

    BORN

    1817 Richard B Garnett, Brig Gen, C.S.A., kia, July 3, 1863
    1828 William McComb, Brig Gen, C.S.A., d. 1918
    1831 John Franklin Miller, Brig Gen, U.S., d.1886
    1834 Joseph Jackson Bartlett, Brig Gen, U.S., d. 1893
    1834 Hetty Green, America's most miserable millionaire miser, d. 1916.


    DIED

    1916 Franz Joseph, Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary, King of Bohemia, etc. (1848-1916), 86
    1917 Lt. Rudolph von Eschwege, German ace with 20 confirmed kills, kia at 22 -- Learn More
    1942 Leopold Graf Berchtold von und zu Ungarschitz, 79, inept Austro-Hungarian Foreign Minister who helped start the Great War
    1945 Alexander Patch, who commanded the Seventh Army in France, at 55
    2005 Alfred Anderson, 109, veteran of the Black Watch, the last survivor of the Christmas Truce of 1914, the last Scottish veteran of the Great War, and the oldest man in Scotland -- Learn More
     
  2. Salty

    Salty 20,000 Posts Club
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    1812 Battle of Wild Cat Creek: US troops and militiamen defeated by the Kickapoo, Winnebago, & Shawnee in Indiana
    1906 Enlisted men of USS 'Louisiana' (BB-19) host "Comrade and Shipmate" Theodore Roosevelt
    1940 First meeting between Adolf Hitler and Romanian Dictator Ion Antonescu
    1943 The Cairo Conference: FDR, Churchill, & Chiang meet to discuss ways to defeat Japan -- Learn More
    1943 Operation Galvanic: on Makin, 27th Div advances slowly, while on Tarawa, the USMC defeat a Japanese "Banzai" charge
    1990 Pres. George H. W. Bush visits US troops in Saudi Arabia

    BORN

    1805 Benjamin Huger, Maj Gen, C.S.A., d. 1877
    1818 Samuel Gibbs French, Maj Gen, C.S.A., d. 1910
    1823 Nathan Kimball, Brig Gen, U.S., d. 1898
    1832 George Henry Chapman, Brig Gen, U.S., d. 1882
    1835 Frank Crawford Armstrong, Brig Gen, C.S.A., d. 1909
    1890 Charles de Gaulle, leader of "Free France", Founder of the Fifth Republic, President of France (1959-1969), d 1970
    1930 Owen K Garriott, astronaut (Skylab 3, STS-9)
    1932 Robert Vaughn, sometime soldier and actor ("The Man From Uncle", etc.)
    1942 Guion S Bluford, Jr., USAF, astronaut

    DIED

    1718 Edward "Blackbeard" Teach, c. 38, pirate lord, having been wounded 25 times during a battle with the Royal Navy
    1963 John F. Kennedy, sailor, President (1961-1963), assassinated at 46
    2011 Lana Peters, formerly Svetlana Alliluyeva, daughter of Stalin, who defected to the US in 1967, at 85
     
  3. Salty

    Salty 20,000 Posts Club
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    1783 Benjamin Franklin has a congenial conversation with Giacomo Casanova in Paris
    1863 Battles of Chattanooga & Orchard Knob: Forces under U.S. Grant breakthrough of the Confederate investment of the city
    1939 Nazis compel Polish Jews to wear a yellow star
    1942 SS 'Ben Lomond' is torpedoed in the S Atlantic; Poon Lim (1917-1991) begins 133 days adrift
    1943 Operation Galvanic: US forces secure Tarawa & Makin
    1944 Gen Patch's Seventh Army liberates Strassbourg
    1945 Meat & butter rationing ends in US
    1983 USSR leaves disarmament talks
    1985 Egyptian commandos storm hijacked EgyptAir jet in Malta, 58 die

    BORN

    1740 Edward Rutledge, Signer of the Declaration of Independence, d. 1800
    1804 Franklin Pierce, militiaman, volunteer, President (1853-1857), d. 1869 - Learn More
    1809 Horatio Phillips Van Cleve, Brig Gen, U.S., d. 1891
    1819 Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss, Maj Gen, U.S., d. 1901
    1859 Henry "Billy the Kid" McCarty (aka Henry Antrim, William Boney), in New York, k. 1881
    1878 Ernest J. King, later COMINCH, CNO, Fleet Admiral, d. 1956 -- Learn More
    1942 The Coast Guard Women's Auxiliary (SPARS)

    DIED

    1902 Walter Reed, 51, US Army bacteriologist, who confirmed the cause of Yellow Fever
    1973 Sessue Hayakawa, 84, Japanese-born actor (Col. Saito in "Bridge Over the RIver Kwai", etc), French Resistance worker
    1974 Cornelius Ryan, war correspondent, historian ("A Bridge too Far"), at 54
    1976 Andre Malraux, resistance fighter, author ("The Conquerors"), at 75
     
  4. Salty

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    1859 Publication of Charles Darwin's "On the Origin of Species"


    1874 Joseph F Glidden receives a patent for barbed wire
    1914 Benito Mussolini leaves Italy's Socialist Party
    1917 Anarchists bombed a police station in Milwaukee; 9 officers died, the greatest loss of life by leo in a terrorist attack prior to Sep. 11,
    1922 Italian parliament gives Mussolini dictatorial powers "for one year"
    1936 Polliwog-in-Chief FDR became a Shellback, USS 'Indianapolis' (CA-35), at 00º 00' N, 37º 00' W
    1941 CNO warns fleet "surprise aggressive movement" by Japan imminent
    1944 First B-29 raid from Saipan; 111 bombers hit Tokyo.
    1991 US 75th manned space mission, Atlantis 10

    BORN

    1784 Zachary Taylor, Maj Gen, U.S., and President (1849-1850) -- Learn More
    1829 William Passmore Carlin, Brig Gen, U.S., diarist, d. 1903
    1835 The Texas Rangers, formed by the Provisional Govt of Tx to enforce laws and collect stray cattle to help feed the Provisional Army
    1871 National Rifle Association, in New York City
    1921 John V. Lindsay, naval officer, Mayor of NY (1965-1973), d. 2000

    DIED

    1801 Franz Moritz von Lacy, 75, Austrian field marshal
    1807 Thayendanegea or Joseph Brant, 64, Mohawk political and military leader, noted orator
    1963 Lee Harvey Oswald, 24, former marine, assassin of JFK, shot by Jack Ruby
     
  5. Salty

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    25 NOV

    2348 BC The "Great Flood" of Noah begins according to the estimate of the Episcopal Bishop John Ussher
    571 BC First triumph of the Roman King Servius Tullius, for the defeat of the Etruscans


    1775 Congress begins issuing Letters of Marque and Reprisal
    1864 The Confederate attempt to burn New York, causing minor damage & interrupting a performance of 'Julius Caesar' starring the Booth brothers, the only occasion on which they appeared on the stage together
    1867 Alfred Nobel invents dynamite
    1876 Battle of Crazy Woman Fork/Dull Knife: the Army disperses a Sioux-Cheyenne encampment
    1943 Battle of Cape St. George: 5 US destroyers sink 3 Japanese destroyers
    1961 USS 'Enterprise' (CVN 65), the first nuclear-powered carrier, is commissioned, to commence 51 years of service;


    BORN

    1790 The Veteran Corps of Artillery of the State of New York was formed at the City Arms Tavern, Broadway & Thames St -- Learn More
    1823 Joseph Alexander Cooper, Brig Gen, U.S., d. 1910
    1825 Edward Augustus Wild, Brig Gen, U.S., d. 1891
    1920 Ricardo Gonzalo Pedro Montalbán y Merino, Mexican-American actor (Rodriguez in "Battle Ground," Khan in "Star Trek"), d. 2009

    DIED

    1885 King Alfonso XII of Spain (1874-85), at 27
    1949 Bill "Bojangles" Robinson, master dancer, veteran of the 369th Infantry, at 71 -- Learn More
    1957 Adm William Veazie Pratt (CNO, 1930-1933), 88 -- Learn More
    2015 Adm. John Jeremy Black, 83, commanded carrier 'Invincible' in the Falklands, and rose to Commander-in-Chief Naval Home Command, with his flag on 'Victory'
     
  6. Salty

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    1835 The Grass Fight: Texians defeat Mexicans outside San Antonio
    1862 Lincoln meets ". . . the little lady who started this big war," Harriet Beecher Stowe
    1863 Union Gen. George Meade initiates the abortive Mine Run Campaign, VA (ends Dec 2)
    1940 Nazis force 500,000 Warsaw Jews to live in walled ghetto
    1941 Japanese First Air Fleet sorties from Tankan Bay, bound for Pearl Harbor
    1942 "Casablanca" premiers at the Hollywood Theatre, NYC
    1990 Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev tells Iraq to get out of Kuwait

    BORN

    1810 William George Armstrong, 90, later 1st Baron Armstrong, industrialist, founder of Armstrong Whitworth munitions works
    1816 William Henry Talbot Walker, Maj Gen, C.S.A., kia 1864
    1827 Alfred Moore Scales, Brig Gen, C.S.A., d. 1892
    1832 Mary Edwards Walker, feminist and physician, Civil War Army contract surgeon, awarded a Medal of Honor, d. 1919
    1853 William "Bat" Masterson, gunfighter, sports writer, d. 1921
    1899 Maurice Rose, later Maj Gen, kia 1945, the highest ranking American Jewish casualty in WW II

    DIED

    1926 John M Browning, 71, gunsmith
    1970 Benjamin O. Davis, Sr., the first black American general, at 93
    2013 William Stevenson, 89, sometime RAF pilot, historian ("A Man Called Intrepid," "30 Minutes at Entebbe")
    2016 Fidel Castro Ruiz, 90, sometime Hollywood bit player, lousy baseballer, Dictator of Cuba (1957-2008)
     
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