To those catholics on this board I have another question. I've been studying Judaism a bit reading the Talmud and Jewish beliefs. And something caught my attention. Apart from Moses who is the law giver, the next important person in Judaism in Ezra who re-establishes the law upon the return to Judea. Ezra wanted a radical return to the law and established certain Jewish distinctiveness emphasising the differences between the Jews and the the surrounding Heathen populace. He even was able to get men to put away their heathen wives and offspring from those relationships. Also to ensure what was being taught about Torah was correct is repudiated to having establish a body of oversight called Ha-Kenneset. Or the gathering body which oversaw what Torah meant and how it was to be interpreted, and implimented and reviewed what the Synagogues were teaching. Later this governing bodies is known by its Greek Name in the NT or the Sanhedrein. It was this governing body at odds with much of Jesus teaching and was the body that sentenced Jesus to death. The Sanhedrein by tradition interpreted Torah in a certain way and any way not in accordance with it was not considered Orthodox. How is this any different than the Catholic Magisterium? And how does this Magesterium claim superiority to the Sanhederin?