When debates rage between Monergists and Synergists the terms 'Calvinist' and 'Arminian' are most often used to describe the two sides. There are some Monergists and Synergists who reject labels, but labels are not about to vanish from the debate. For the purpose of this discussion I will accept the fact that, as a Monergist, the Calvinist label is accurate in the context of my view of soteriology. Sometimes Monergists have been described as Augustinians, but that moniker has never really gained mass appeal. Similarly, on the Synergist side, 'Arminian' is the label that is most frequently used to describe the 'free will in salvation' side of the debate. But is 'Arminian' an accurate term? Maybe and maybe not. The answer depends on what the individual believes. Arminianism has a cousin in the free will camp, it is called 'Semi-Pelagianism'. Both are Synergist doctrines, but they both have a major difference in their beginning proposition. Arminianism begins with the proposition that God makes the first move in salvation. Semi-Pelagianism proposes that man take the first step. Both systems teach that man cooperates with God in salvation; thus the designation 'Synergist'. So, if you are a Synergist, are you an Arminian or a Semi-Pelagian? If you believe that God first draws the sinner, and then leaves it up to the sinner to either accept or reject Christ, then you are an Arminian in your view of salvation. If you believe that man first reaches out to God, and then God responds, then you are a Semi-Pelagian in your view of salvation. Do you note the subtle difference? Pelagius was condemned as a heretic by the early church. He taught that individuals are born as 'blank slates' (tabula rasa), and are capable of sinless perfection* in this life; thus they become captains of their own ship in regards to a relationship with God. Pelagius' view of tabula rasa was eventually labeled a heresy by Pope Innocent I. But his theology had a lot of support during his time. It eventually morphed into what is now referred to as 'Semi-Pelagianism'. With Pelagius' 'blank slate' teaching supposedly abandoned, his view that man first reaches out to God remained. On the other hand is the belief that God makes the first move, but stops short of what Calvinists refer to as effectual grace (or the effectual call). This is modern day Arminianism. Arminianism begins with God wooing the sinner. At that time it is undetermined whether God's wooing of the sinner will result with the sinner accepting the Gospel message and trusting in Christ. The active agent in the Arminian system is the individual, since God will not violate the individual's free will. Arminianism has been called 'back door Semi-Pelagianism'. So, if you are a Synergist, which view of man's involvement in salvation best describes you? If you are the one who makes the first move (the Captain of the ship view), then you are a Semi-Pelagian. If you believe that God moves first and it is your responsibility to respond, then you are an Arminian. P.S. If you eschew labels then this thread probably isn't for you. *Pelagius taught that human beings are born with the ability to live sinless lives, and thus make forgiveness through Christ superfluous. To be fair he also believed the ability to do so was nearly impossible because the temptation to sin was almost overwhelming for the average person.