Those who attempt to deny that "justification by the deeds of the law" has any reference to justification by "good" works as defined by the "righteousness" of the Mosaic law (moral, ceremonial, civil) attempt to provide the following bogus theories to redefine "the law" and "deeds of the law" in Romans 3-4 and Galatians 1-5 to mean: 1. Ceremonial laws only 2. Oral traditions of the Jews However, the contextual evidence denies both theories: A. CEREMONIAL LAW THEORY: Rom. 2:17 ¶ Behold, thou art called a Jew, and restest in the law, and makest thy boast of God, 18 And knowest his will, and approvest the things that are more excellent, being instructed out of the law; 19 And art confident that thou thyself art a guide of the blind, a light of them which are in darkness, 20 An instructor of the foolish, a teacher of babes, which hast the form of knowledge and of the truth in the law. 21 Thou therefore which teachest another, teachest thou not thyself? thou that preachest a man should not steal, dost thou steal? 22 Thou that sayest a man should not commit adultery, dost thou commit adultery? thou that abhorrest idols, dost thou commit sacrilege? 23 Thou that makest thy boast of the law, through breaking the law dishonourest thou God? 24 For the name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles through you, as it is written. 25 For circumcision verily profiteth, if thou keep the law: but if thou be a breaker of the law, thy circumcision is made uncircumcision. The phrase "the law" used repeatedly throughout this text explicitly includes the moral law as three of the ten commandments are stated and underlined and it includes the ceremonial law as circumcision the introductory rite of all ceremonial laws is stated. Paul's point is stated in Romans 3:9 and concluded in Romans 3:19-20 that He has been dealing only with Gentiles and Jews and there can be no question what Law He has in view with the Jews. It is not the oral traditions but the whole Mosaic written law. In regard to justification and being dead to the law, it is consistently the whole Mosaic Law all the way through Romans 7 where Paul gives his own experience and uses the tenth commandment to show what law He is now dead to: Rom. 7:7 ¶ What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet. There is not one syllable for theories that it is merely the Jewish oral law or ceremonial law referred to in the book of Romans. It is the whole Mosaic law (moral, ceremonial, civil) that is being denied as the basis for justification. B. THE ORAL TRADITIONS OF THE JEWS THEORY: Gal. 3:10 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them. 11 But that no man is justified by the law in the sight of God, it is evident: for, The just shall live by faith. 12 And the law is not of faith: but, The man that doeth them shall live in them. 13 Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree: Gal. 3:17 And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect. 18 For if the inheritance be of the law, it is no more of promise: but God gave it to Abraham by promise. 19 ¶ Wherefore then serveth the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator. Again, it is the whole Mosaic law (moral, ceremonial, civil) that is being referred to. Circumcision is merely the INTRODUCTORY RITE that commits THE WHOLE LIFE to observance of the entire Mosaic moral,ceremonial and civil law. Romans 3:19-20 and Galatians 3:10-12 have the SAME LAW in view in regard to justification and use the SAME LANGUAGE and the SAME CONTRAST between justification by the deeds of the law versus justification by faith. Rom. 3:19 ¶ Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God. 20 Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin.....27 Where is boasting then? It is excluded. By what law? of works? Nay: but by the law of faith. 28 Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law. Gal. 3:10For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them. 11 But that no man is justified by the law in the sight of God, it is evident: for, The just shall live by faith. 12 And the law is not of faith: but, The man that doeth them shall live in them. CONCLUSION: The Mosaic law defined what is right and what is wrong in God's sight. The deeds of the law were deeds that were intended to conform to what the law said is RIGHT and thus by such RIGHTEOUS DEEDS the Jew sought to be justified in God's sight. RIGHTEOUS DEEDS is synonomous with GOOD WORKS. This is a plain and explicit denial that any flesh can be justified by "GOOD WORKS" before God because if the Jew cannot do it with the most explicit detailed written form of right and wrong then NO FLESH can do it with less explicit light. Those who teach justification by good works preach "another gospel" and are to be regarded by true Christians as "accursed" rather than as orthodox people of God.