John Hendryx, a Calvinist, made this argument: The problem with this argument is that it appears to presume that atonement is equal to salvation. It ignores the fact that the demands of justice for one's sin may be fully satisfied without their being saved. The conditions for being saved are: (1) satisfaction of divine justice for your sin (atonement) and (2) authentic faith in Christ as Lord and Savior. The error John makes is to assume that if the first condition has been met then a person will necessarily be saved. This ignores the demand of God for the second condition to likewise be met. Thus, it is possible for someone to have the first condition met without ever meeting the second condition and therefore not be saved. Therefore, affirming unlimited atonement doesn't imply universalism.