Romans 4:6 Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man, unto whom God imputeth righteousness without works, 7 Saying, Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered. 8 Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin. 1. "even as" - Greek "kathaper" is an adverb used 13 times in the New Testament and is translated in the KJV as 7, even as 5, as well as 1; 13 and shows connection between something previously said before with something that follows. The adverb "Kathaper" joins together verse 5 to verses 6-8 or the use of David to further illustrate and reinforce his point made in verse 5. The immediate statement that "kathaper" connects verse 5 with in verse 6 is "God imputeth righteousness without works" thus carrying the theme of imputed righteousness from verses, 3 and 5 into verse 6 in the illustration of David and Psalm 32. Absolute proof that it is this theme being carried over to be illustrated and reinforced by David is the fact that verse 6 contains the reason for using David while only verses 7-8 contain the actual words of David "Saying". Thus verse 6 gives Paul's purpose for using David, whereas verses 7-8 give the actual words of David. The purpose stated proves that "katheper" connects the idea of imputed righteousness in verse 5 to David's words in verses 7-8 as that is precisely what is stated by Paul in verse 6. Imputed righteousness and remission of sins are essential and inherent aspects of any Biblical concept of justification as justification "before God" (Rom. 4:1) is impossible without dealing with the issue of sin that separates man from God. Sin is explained by Scripture to be INCLUSIVE of both commission and omission. The active obedience of Christ as revealed in his life as the lamb without spot and blemish deals with omission while commission must be satisfied by the passive obedience of Christ which provides the basis for remission of sins. Justification is empty and meaningless unless it encompasses both aspects of sin. Imputed righteousness is the righteousness of God revealed in the personal active obedient life of Christ that is imputed by faith and thus "justified by faith." Psalm 32 demonstrates that the child of God is not without PERSONAL sin and thus the necessity for imputation as David neither could provide either the active obedience to satisfy the Law of God to be justified and neither the passive obedience to satisfy the Law of God to obtain remission of sins. Thus both are obtained "without works" (v. 6) and "by faith" in the Person and works of Jesus Christ as Christ finished/satisfied both by his active and passive obedience to God's law, thus fulfilling it and becoming "the end of the law" to all who believe in him.