I believe the biggest debate issue throughout Christendom (at least from the western perspective since Augustine) has been the debate over Calvinism/Arminianism. I think we could all agree that this was not the issue of debate in the 1st Century church, nor was in central in the minds of the writers of the New Testament as it is to us on this board. Knowing the major issues on the author's minds is important to understanding the author's intent, I know we would all agree with this. So, what do you all think was the number one main issue of contention among believers during the formation of 1st century church? Do you think that issue affects our understanding of certain texts? If so, how? Thanks.