The letter of James was written in 45AD, which is approximately twenty to forty years before any of the rest of the New Testament letters were written. This means James small letter, was written without James, or anyone else having any knowledge of a compilation of books called the bible because none of the other books were even written yet. The first "canon" was the Moratorian Canon, which was compiled in A.D. 170. The Muratorian Canon included all of the New Testament books except Hebrews, James, and 3 John. Here is where most people become suspect, because some do not trust church officials on or after 100 A.D. But in A.D. 363, the Council of Laodicea stated that the 27 books of the New Testament could be read in the churches. Consider 5 very revealing verses in Chapter one of James. Ch1:21-25 says: "21 Wherefore lay apart all filthiness and superfluity of naughtiness, and receive with meekness the engrafted word, which is able to save your souls. 22 But be ye doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving your own selves. 23 For if any be a hearer of the word, and not a doer, he is like unto a man beholding his natural face in a glass: 24 For he beholdeth himself, and goeth his way, and straightway forgetteth what manner of man he was. 25 But whoso looketh into the perfect law of liberty, and continueth therein, he being not a forgetful hearer, but a doer of the work, this man shall be blessed in his deed." Please consider a few verses that substantiate James claim of hearing, and doing: Luke 6:46 "Why do you call me, 'Lord, Lord,' and do not do what I say? (Calling Him "Lord, Lord", in this verse would not just apply to those who Jesus was speaking to then, but to us now, as would the words above "what I say"). Luke 6:47 As for everyone who comes to me and hears my words and puts them into practice, I will show you what they are like. Hebrews 4:12 For the word of God is living and active and sharper than any two-edged sword, and piercing as far as the division of soul and spirit, of both joints and marrow, and able to judge the thoughts and intentions of the heart. (Heb 4:12 is NOT speaking of the bible). Matthew 4:4 But he answered, "It is written, "'Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that comes from the mouth of God." (IF God is dead, and no longer speaks, then maybe you could apply this verse to the bible, but that would be untrue, so this verse applies to us today. Words coming from the mouth of God, must be heard with the ear of the spirit or the physical ear). Now being that the above is true and to the best of my ability accurate, and since the bible was first printed in the 1500's, what can we gather from the verses above from the letter of James, and specifically verses 21-25, and his use of the words "THE WORD", and "hearing". 1). James is NOT speaking about the bible, because it does not exist, and James has just written the very first NT letter, and James is saying we must not only "HEAR" (present tense), but we must obey what The Spirit says to us. This is the testimony of James concerning the living word. 2). James states this engrafted word, (which is heard, if you are in Christ, and if you have His Spirit); is able to save your souls.