June 29, 1835... Texan....

Discussion in 'History Forum' started by wpe3bql, Jun 29, 2015.

  1. wpe3bql

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    May 15, 2015
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    ....William Travis Prepares for War with Mexico.

    Determined to win independence for the Mexican State of Texas, William Travis raises a volunteer army of 25 soldiers & prepares to liberate the city of Anahuac.

    Born in SC & raised in AL, William Travis moved to Mexican-controlled TX in 1831 at 22 YO. He established a legal practice in Anahuac, a small frontier town about 40 mi. E of Houston. From the start, Travis disliked Mexicans personally & resented Mexican rule of TX politically. In 1832, he clashed with local Mexican officials & was jailed for a month. When he was released, the growing TX independence movement hailed him as a hero, strengthening his resolve to break away from Mexico by whatever means necessary.

    Early in 1835, the Mexican President Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna overthrew the republican government & proclaimed himself dictator. Rightly fearing that some Texans would rebel as a result, Santa Anna quickly moved to reinforce Mexican control & dispatched troops to Anahuac, among other areas. Accustomed to enjoying a large degree of autonomy, some Texans resented the presence of Santa Anna's troops, & they turned to Travis for leadership.

    On this day in 1835, Travis raised a company of 25 volunteer soldiers. The next day, the small army easily captured Captain Antonio Tenorio, the leader of Santa Anna's forces in Anahuac, & forced the troops to surrender. More radical Texans again proclaimed Travis a hero, but others condemned him for trying to foment war & maintained that Santa Anna could still be dealt with short of revolution. By the fall of 1835, however, conflict had become inevitable, & Texans prepared to fight a war of independence.

    As soon as the rebels had formed an army, Travis was made a Lt. Col. in command of the regular troops at San Antonio. On Feb. 23, 1836, Travis joined forces with Jim Bowie's army of volunteers to occupy an old Spanish mission known as the Alamo. The following day, Santa Anna & about 4,000 of his men laid siege to the Alamo. With less than 200 soldiers, Travis & Bowie were able to hold off the Mexicans for 13 days. On March 6, Santa Anna's soldiers stormed the Alamo & killed nearly every Texan defender, including Travis.

    In the months that followed, "Remember the Alamo" became a rallying cry as the Texans successfully drove the Mexican forces from their borders. By April, TX has won its independence. Travis, who first hastened the war of independence & then became a martyr to the cause, became an enduring symbol of Texan courage & defiance.

    SOURCE: http://www.history.com/this-day-in history/texan-william-travis-prepares-for-war-with-mexico

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