Present Tense Counters Futurist Argument John 5 argues for an earlier date of writing "Now there is in Jerusalem by the Sheep Gate a pool, which is called in Hebrew, Bethesda, having five porches. In these lay a great multitude of sick people, blind, lame, paralyzed, waiting for the moving of the water." - John 5:2-3 Did you ever notice this little description from the Apostle John? "There is in Jerusalem... a pool." "In these lay...sick people." In both cases John is describing a scene that exists at the time of his writing. Why is this important? It goes against the common assumption that John wrote his Gospel (along with his letters and Revelation) in the 90s. It shows Jerusalem as it was before the cataclysmic destruction brought on by the Romans. Likewise, when John writes in Rev. 11:1 about measuring the temple the present tense is used. The assumption is that the Temple is still standing. There are some who say that John in the Gospel account is merely using dramatic present to make the scene more vivid. There are two problems with this: 1. It is an assumption without any evidence. 2. It fails to account for John's switching to past tenses from verse 4 onward. If John used the present tense to make it more vivid why would he not want the actual healing to be especially vivid? It is inconsistent. No, it makes far more sense to understand that John was describing a present Jerusalem. What does this have to do with Futurism versus Preterism? Much. The futurists look to a future coming of Christ and future judgment on Babylon. Because they do not believe the events in Revelation to refer to 1st-century Jerusalem they must also hold to a later time of writing for John's books, seeing that he wrote of judgment still to come. As far as the date of John's writings they make much of the 4th century "evidence" of Eusebius, downplaying earlier indications for earlier writing - before AD70.