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Discussion in 'History Forum' started by DanielMicah, Jan 12, 2006.
When and how did this Roman Catholic doctrine develop?
Scripture cited to support purgatory include:
2 Mac 12:42-45
1 Cor 3:13-15
Early Church Fathers quoted as holding to a theology with a purgatory-like concept include :
Gregory of Nyssa (4th century)
Augustine of Hippo (5th century)
The name purgatory seems to have arisen around the 11th century. The oldest document with the word known was written by the Benedictine monk Nicholas in 1176.
Purgatory was first clearly stated as official doctrine in the Council of Florence in the 1430s.
The Council of Trent in the mid-1500s developed the concept further.
The Catechism of the Catholic Church currently describes purgatory in this way.
Catholic Encyclopedia : Purgatory
Catechism of the Catholic Church : Purgatory
Wikipedia : Purgatory
Was the idea of Purgatory (with prayer for the dead and indulgences being of consequence) universially accepted prior to the Reformation or was it like the apochypha of occassional usage?
I'm not sure if you can say any doctrine truly holds universal acceptance.
I also don't know if I would say "occassional usage" is an accurate description of the Protestant apocrypha or RCC deuterocanonical books in the western church prior to the Reformation.
I believe both purgatory and the deuterocanonicals were widely accepted in the western church immediately prior to the Protestant Reformation with a growing contingent of skeptics.