Eph. 2:8 For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: What is the CONTEXTUAL meaning and usage of the term "saved" in the above verse? 1. Ask what the primary theme is in this context? ANSWER: - Divine quickening - vv. 1, 5, 2. Ask what is the first use of the phrase "by grace are ye saved" in this context? ANSWER: verse 5 as a description of divine quickening 3. Ask who is attributed this work and who is not in this context? ANSWER: It is not attributed to men - "and that not of yourselves" ANSWER: It is not attributed to works - "not of works" ANSWER: It is attributed to God's creative work - "For we are His workmanship created in Christ Jesus" ANSWER: It is not attributed to "good works" but "good works" are the consequence of being "saved through faith." 4. Now, how does the grammar affect the relationship between divine quickening/saved or God's creative act and faith? ANSWER: Paul uses a paraphrastic perfect tense. εστε ("are") σεσωσμενοι ("saved")That is, he grammatically joins together a perfect tense participle and a present tense linking verb. The perfect participle states that the act of "saved" is a completed action that stands completed from its initial occurrence right up to the point when Paul penned these words. In other words, when the Ephesians had been regenerated by God that act of regeneration was at that point a completed act that stood completed right up to the time Paul penned these words. At the point it was completed it was completed "THROUGH FAITH." If I have been saved "though you" then my salvation cannot be separated from "you." If I had been saved from a flood "through an ark" then my salvation could not be separated from the ark. The perfect tense demands it is a completed action in the past and that completed action was accomplished "through faith" as a creative act of God. It is not a question of which comes first but the fact they are inseparable within that completed action. Neither regeneration or justifying faith are incomplete linear on going progressive actions but completed actions that stand complete due to GRACE not due to "yourselves" or due to "works" or "good works" but due to God's workmanship.