In an earlier thread I had raised the question: What happens to the Jews after the Millennium? The basis for this question was a statement by dispensationalist Lewis Sperry Chafer quoted by Charles C. Ryrie in his book Dispensationalism, page 39, as follows: “The dispensationalist believes that throughout the ages God is pursuing two distinct purposes: one related to the earth with earthly people and earthly objectives involved, which is Judaism; while the other is related to heaven with heavenly people and heavenly objectives involved, which is Christianity.” Charles C. Ryrie writes about the above statement Dispensationalism,page 39: “This is probably the most basic theological test of whether or not a person is a dispensationalist, and it is undoubtedly the most practical and conclusive. The one who fails to distinguish Israel and the Church consistently will inevitably not hold to dispensational distinctives; and the one who does will.” I then posed the question: Assume that Chafer is correct. What happens to the Jews after the millennium? Pastor Larry in post #14 of that thread responded, quoting Chafer, as follows: “Every covenant, promise, and provision for Israel is earthly, and they continue as a nation with the earth when it is created new. Every covenant or promise for the church is for a heavenly reality, and she continues in heavenly citizenship when the heavens are recreated.” [The quote is cited in BSac 145 (July 88): 275. The Chafer quote is referenced to Chafer's Systematic Theology, 4:47.] This raises another question. Scripture states in Revelation 21:1-10: 1. And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea. 2. And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. 3. And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God. 4. And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away. 5. And he that sat upon the throne said, Behold, I make all things new. And he said unto me, Write: for these words are true and faithful. 6. And he said unto me, It is done. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give unto him that is athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely. 7. He that overcometh shall inherit all things; and I will be his God, and he shall be my son. 8. But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death. 9. And there came unto me one of the seven angels which had the seven vials full of the seven last plagues, and talked with me, saying, Come hither, I will shew thee the bride, the Lamb’s wife. 10. And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, and shewed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God, Now the Holy City, the New Jerusalem, the Bride of Jesus Christ, the Church, is pictured as coming down out of heaven to the New Earth. This contradicts Chafer’s statement above that only the Jews will inhabit the New Earth, to wit: “Every covenant, promise, and provision for Israel is earthly, and they continue as a nation with the earth when it is created new. Every covenant or promise for the church is for a heavenly reality, and she continues in heavenly citizenship when the heavens are recreated.” It should be noted that the metaphorical description of the Holy City [Revelation 21:11-21] has the names of the twelve tribes of Israel inscribed in the gates of the City. Strange if Israel, the earthly people, is eternally separate from the Church, the heavenly people, who according to Scripture dwell on the New Earth. So which is correct, Scripture or Chafer? Or could it just possibly be that the Church, the Bride of Jesus Christ, includes all redeemed of all time, including believing Israel of the Old Testament. That is what the Southern Baptist Faith and Message states.