I'm talking about counties of England here, but I want to draw a parallel with the US too. The English counties existed for a thousand years as the tier of government administration and latterly representation immediately below the national government and Parliament at Westminster, with their boundaries largely unchanged for hundreds of years. Then in 1974, Parliament decided to fiddle around with this tried and tested system, the rationale largely being demographic change and the development of conurbations. For instance:- Yorkshire was divided into North, South and West Yorkshire because South Yorkshire based around Sheffield and West Yorkshire around Leeds were large urban entities in their own right. On the same rationale, Tyne and Wear (around Newcastle) was created out of parts of Northumberland and Durham, Teeside (Middlesborough and Stockton) carved out of parts of Durham and Yorkshire, Greater Manchester and Merseyside (Liverpool-Birkenhead) from bits of Lancashire and Cheshire, West Midlands (Birmingham, Coventry and Wolverhampton amalgamating) from parts of Warwickshire, Staffordshire and Worcestershire and Avon (Bristol and Bath) out of bits of southern Gloucestershire and northern Somerset. The remainder of Worcestershire was then amalgamated with Herefordshire as 'Hereford and Worcester', on the grounds that neither single entity had a viable population on its own; Rutland was abloished and swallowed up by Leicestershire for similar reasons. Bournemouth was transferred from Hampshire to Dorset, Berkshire lost the upper Thames Valley to Oxforshire but was 'compensated' by the transfer of Slough and Eton from Buckinghamshire. Oh, and Greater London extended its reach further into Essex, Kent and Surrey, absorbing nearly all of Middlesex with the remainder of Middlesex being given to Surrey (Staines) and Hertfordshire (Potters Bar). (I won't tell you what they did in Scotland and Wales - that was even worse) Now, imagine if the equivalent had happened in the US. Imagine if Congress had passed an Act which had the effect of the following (put to one side the consitutionality of the move, just consider your emotional response):- A new state of New York City is created mainly out of New York State but also embracing Paterson and Newark, NJ. The remainder of New York state is renamed Upper New York state (or worse still 'Hudson') The Kansas state line is moved east to encompass Kansas City, MO; Missouri is 'compensated' by having East St Louis added. Chicago, Milwaukee and Gary are hived off from their parent states as the new state of Lakeside. The District of Columbia is expanded to include Arlington and Baltimore; the 'rump' of Maryland is then merged with Delaware which is abolished as it serves no useful purpose. Montana, Idaho and Wyoming are merged as neither has a suffucient population on its own to survive; the new state is called 'Montana, Idaho and Wyoming'. Utah and Nevada - ditto. Connecticut is split in two; the western half keeping the old name and the eastern half being called New Haven state. San Francisco, Oakland and Berkeley are amalgamated as the new state of Bayside; LA and the Valley are similarly merged as South California. How would y'll feel?