verse 18 poses a problem for the limited atonement view. the term "all" was used for both judgment and free gift in the same manner. if it would mean a certain few, then it would imply that Adam's original sin was not passed down to all men, which is incorrect. if, on the other hand, it means the obvious meaning which is every single soul, then the limited atonement view would be incorrect. verse 19 is quite parallel. if the "many" in that passage would mean a limited individual then it would mean that not everybody was made sinners due to Adam's disobedience. if, on the other hand, it is taken to be every man, then again limited atonement goes contrary to this passage.