What happens to the unborn or infants who die? What happens to those who are mentally handicapped? Are they "automatically" saved? IMO, it presents a huge problem for Arminians/Pelagians, but no problems for Calvinists. We are conceived and born spiritually dead. If God saves an unborn child, God must in the process give that child a "new heart" (make him reborn from above, or born again). This is obviously done without his choice, because he is unable to choose. This presents a problem for Arminians/Pelagians because they argue that if God changes a person's heart without that person's permission, God is turning that person into a robot. That means all the saved unborn are robots. The only way to retreat from this position (and remain soteriologically consistent) is to say that God foreknows whether or not the unborn child would have "chosen to believe", and therefore saved only those unborn whom He foreknew would believe. (As a side comment, I hear many Arminians/Pelagians refer to an "age of accountability". As far as I can tell, this is a made-up doctrine to solve the problem of people being saved without having made a free-will choice. I find no "age of accountability" in the Bible. Regardless, even if the Arminian/Pelagian leans on this so-called "doctrine" it doesn't solve the problem of God changing the hearts of the unborn without their permission, thus turning them into robots. Or - if the Arminian/Pelagian concedes that changing the heart of the unborn does not turn that person into a robot, then they must also concede that changing the heart of an adult also does not change that person into a robot. IMO. the problem of the unborn puts the Arminian/Pelagian between a rock and a hard place, with nowhere to go but to make up fanciful non-Biblical doctrines to hold onto their belief system. ----------- Calvinists, on the other hand, can take one of two perfectly consistent views. 1. God, knowing the end from the beginning, elected all the unborn (etc.) and therefore saved them. 2. Or, it is possible that God saves only the unborn (etc.) elect, and allows the non-elect unborn to perish, as they would have even if they were born. Whichever one chooses, the Calvinist does not have to make up a new doctrine about the "age of accoutability" since salvation is not by free will, and no free will accountability is necessary.