In 380 A.D. Emperor Theodosius made a proclamation. From Nicea to 380 A.D. the Athanasians and Arians fought tooth and nail and the church went back and forth and back and forth between the two and even the emperors went back and forth between one belief and the other. In fact, the Arians almost won the day in the 360's. However, in 380 A.D. Theodosius came to power and proclaimed that everyone must follow a particular form of Christianity: 1. The Nicene definition and an Athanasian form of belief. 2. Submission to the Bishops of Rome and Alexandria. Indeed, this proclamation was made under threat. Anyone who would follow a different belief system could be killed. Whaddya think about that one? Just about as good as the Catholic church forcing Indians to be baptized for "their own good." Anyway, Theodosius also banned all the Arians from the empire, outlawed Arianism and installed pro-Nicean bishops in their place. I guess we can be pretty sure this was all God's doing eh? Anyway, the very next year we have the Council of Constantinople. And why did they have it? To "confirm" the Nicene creed. Kind of a foregone conclusion wouldn't you say? The only attendees to Theodosius' little charade here were the Nicean bishops he had installed. Yeah, these Nicene bishops sure did some real "confirming" the Nicene creed alrighty. I bet they really debated what they all already believed to all hours of the night. Not challenging any theology here but this is a rather shameful way of doing business isn't it? And our truth bending church historians had me believing for a long time that this issue was settled by a theological debate. Uh huh.