The story behind the Indianapolis is a wonderful analogy of our enemy seeking to destroy us. I would like to respond to a post by blackbird regarding this issue. It is not as great of coincidence as it might seem that these two vessels would meet in the "vast space of ocean in the South Pacific." Naval intelligence was aware of two Japanese submarines operating in the path of the USS Indianapolis, one of which was the I-58 which later sank her. Captian Charles Butler McVay III requested and was denied a destroyer escort. There were 1196 men on board. Approximately 880 made it into the water after the torpedos hit. During the 4 1/2 days in the water, on average, 1 man every 12 minutes succombed to the elements, to exhaustion, to injury, or to shark attack. In the end, 317 survivors were rescued. Captian McVay survived and was court-martialed and convicted of "hazarding his ship by failing to zigzag" despite overwhelming evidence that: 1.The Navy itself had placed the ship in harm's way, 2. Despite testimony from the Japanese submarine commander that zigzagging would have made no difference, 3. And despite that fact that, although over 350 navy ships were lost in combat in WWII, McVay was the only captain to be court-martialed. In July of 2001 the Navy Department announced that Captain McVay's record has been amended to exonerate him for the loss of the Indianapolis and the lives of those who perished as a result of her sinking. Unfortunately, the conviction for hazarding his ship by failing to zigzag remains on Captain McVay's record. Never in the history of the U.S. military has the verdict of a court-martial been overturned, and there is no known process for doing so.