I am engaged in a discussion on a Yahoo board with Dr. Thomas Cassidy, who should be familiar to many of you. Our discussion began about the KJV's rendering of "Easter" in Acts 12:4, but has evolved into a discussion about the Preparation Day mentioned in the Scriptures dealing with Jesus' crucifixion. Dr. Cassidy maintains that two different factions of Jews observed the paschal meal at different times, while I maintain that the day of preparation was for the holy convocation that was to follow the paschal meal as set forth in Exodus 12-and that the WHOLE PERIOD of time that includes the paschal meal AND the days of Unleavened Bread that follow it is called Passover, and NOT just the paschal meal itself. I've been told this by several Jews whom I've asked. I believe this is what John 18:28, KJV, is talking about: Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the passover. I believe this Scripture refers to the unleavened bread that was to be eaten for the next 7 days after the paschal meal, as, plainly by Scripture, Jesus and His disciples had already eaten their paschal meal BEFORE Jesus was arrested, and I don't believe JESUS observed the meal at the wrong time. And there's no Scriptural indication that any of the Jews in Jerusalem were observing paschal on any other day.As for the preparation day it was for the HIGH SABBATH that was to begin at sunset. I believe that Jesus ate the paschal, was arrested & crucified, died, and was laid in the tomb within the 24-hour period that began at sunset the previous day. As for the High sabbath, it was the day of holy convocation as set forth in Exodus 12:16-"And in the first day there shall be an holy convocation, and in the seventh day there shall be an holy convocation to you; no manner of work shall be done in them, save that which every man must eat, that only may be done of you. I believe the Jews were hasting to finish up their work, such as conducting their business, washing their clothes, and preparing their food for the next day, which began at sunset; thus their desire that the crucified men should be dead & their bodies taken down before sunset. Here's Dr. Cassidy's take upon it: "Here is your opportunity for a little study, Roby. The Jews calculated the beginning and ending of a day differently, even among themselves. From the writings of Josephus, the Mishna, and other historic Jewish source literature we learn that the Jews of northern Palestine calculated days from sunrise to sunrise. That, of course, included Galilee where Jesus and the disciples had grown up. The Pharisees, on the other hand, and those from southern Palestine (Benjamin and Judah),used the sunset to sunset means of determining when a day began. Now weknow from our knowledge of geography that Jerusalem is in the south. This had the practical effect of the people gathered in Jerusalem from all over Palestine, to celebrate Passover on two adjoining days and alsoallowing the temple sacrifices to be made over a four hour period ratherthan just two, and helped to keep the northern people separate from thesouthern and thus avoiding regional and other types of clashes betweenthe two very different peoples. (Remember the southern Jews distain for northern Jews, "Can any good thing come out of Galilee?" "So, it is simple to see that Jesus and the disciples considered Passover(the preparation day) to have started at sunrise and to have ended at sunrise the next day! The southern Jews, however, considered the preparation day to begin at sundown. Therefore, by God's Sovereign design, Jesus could celebrate the Passover with the disciples, and still be taken for sacrifice at the very time the southern Jews were sacrificing their lambs." It is obvious that when He ate the meal with the disciples, it was purposely done early so they could enjoy that one last time of fellowship, the Lord's Supper could be instituted (the Lord's Supper is NOT a Passover Seder, if it were it would only be done ONCE per year, not "as oft as ye do it) Judas could be identified, etc. I hope that some of the wise heads here can tell me if I'm wrong or not, or if Doc Cas was wrong. If I find I am wrong, I shall be more than happy to admit it to Doc Cas and confess I was wrong, but if he's wrong, I won't really worry about whether he will admit it or not. I'm not asking that anyone be judgemental; I only want to know if there are any FACTS I've missed. C.P.R.