Matthew 22 (ESV) Whose Son Is the Messiah? 41Now while the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them a question, 42saying, "What do you think about the Christ? Whose son is he?" They said to him, "The son of David." 43He said to them, "How is it then that David, in the Spirit, calls him Lord, saying, 44"'The Lord said to my Lord, Sit at my right hand, until I put your enemies under your feet'? 45If then David calls him Lord, how is he his son?" 46And no one was able to answer him a word, nor from that day did anyone dare to ask him any more questions. In Hebrew, the word "son" has the metaphorical meaning of "follower". I suspect that it is like the English saying, "like father like son", stemming from the fact that sons inherit so many things -- including jobs / trades -- from their fathers. But the fact remains that the Messiah seems to be making a pun on "son", for if David calls the Messiah "Lord", then David is a follower of the Messiah. And if David is a follower or "son" of the Messiah, how can the Messiah be David's son? I wonder if the reason why the Messiah isn't David's "son" -- in the metaphorical sense of follower -- is because the Messiah rebuilds the true Temple of God. Recall that the Christian Church is called the Body of Christ (Romans 12:5), which is the true Spiritual Temple of God made up of the "Living Stones" of individual believers (John 2:21, 1 Peter 2:5, Ephesians 2:20-22; see also Luke 19:40). Thus, the Messiah's ministry on Earth, through the evangelism of his Apostles and their baptisms of new Christian believers, amounted to the spiritual erection of the Spiritual Temple of God. Now, Saul Paulus (St. Paul) tells us, essentially, that the Priests and physical Temple are "a copy and shadow of the heavenly things" (Hebrews 8:5). That is, the physical Temple built by Solomon symbolized in physical stones the spiritual Temple to be built by the Messiah from the spiritual "living stones" of Christian believers. In other words, the Messiah -- as a (spiritual) temple builder -- is a Solomon-like figure. Furthermore, as a "Solomonic temple builder", the Messiah cannot be a "son", or follower, of David. This is because YHWH-God did not allow David to build His Temple: 1 Chronicles 28 (ESV) David's Charge to Israel 1David assembled at Jerusalem all the officials of Israel, the officials of the tribes, the officers of the divisions that served the king, the commanders of thousands, the commanders of hundreds, the stewards of all the property and livestock of the king and his sons, together with the palace officials, the mighty men and all the seasoned warriors. 2Then King David rose to his feet and said: "Hear me, my brothers and my people. I had it in my heart to build a house of rest for the ark of the covenant of YHWH and for the footstool of our God, and I made preparations for building. 3But God said to me, 'You may not build a house for My Name, for you are a man of war and have shed blood.' Thus, David, as a man of violence, was not allowed to build God's Temple in Jerusalem, the City of Peace (Ur-Shalom). Rather, God's Temple could only be built by a man of peace like Solomon (whose name, Shalomo, means Peaceful). This explains why the Messiah's Ministry was fully non-violent: John 18 (ESV) Betrayal and Arrest of Jesus 10Then Simon Peter, having a sword, drew it and struck the high priest's servant[c] and cut off his right ear. (The servant's name was Malchus.) 11So Yeshua said to Peter, "Put your sword into its sheath; shall I not drink the cup that the Father has given me?" Indeed, this was the root of the Jews' failure to acknowledge Yeshua of Galilee as the true awaited Messiah. The Jews, in their anger and bloodlust, wanted a David-like Messiah, a man of violence and war who would conquer and subdue the heathen gentiles, slaughtering them out of the Holy Land. But the true Messiah was not a "son", or follower, of David in the path of violence and bloodshed. Instead, the Messiah could only be a "son", or follower, of Solomon in the path of Peace and non-violence.